Common differences include:

He doesn't speak - but you know/think he can as you've heard him sometimes when he's on his own.  Possible reason - he may lack proprioception or suffer selective mutism (see exposure anxiety) 

He echoes everything he hears.  Possible reason - he may have a degree of neuro-developmental delay (NDD) + auditory differences 

He talks about the same things - over and over and over again.  This is often linked to anxiety 

He speaks too loudly or too softly or lack any expression in his tone. Possible reason - he has auditory differences which affect the way in which he hears. 

He find it hard to understand things.  Possible reasons  -  sensory differences sensory overload 

He use words that seem more grown-up than he is. This can be linked to serious illness at an early age but may also be associated with NDD. 


How you can help.

It is always helpful to correct the underlying problems first but there are several approaches that may help from augmented communication to speech therapy - page coming soon.


 A Personal View.

I believe that many of  the differences above are linked.  

Thus some illnesses, infections and fevers can contribute to NDD.  

Neuro-developmental delay often causes sensory differences - which can be exacerbated by gut and digestive issues.

Sensory differences shape the way in which the child perceives the world.

They cause numerous difficulties:

These include an inability to understand things that most other people take for-granted; an inability to read emotions;  sensory overload; cognitive differences and much more . .(see individual differences for more information)

They also make the world seem very frightening and can lead to great anxiety 

That in turn leads to obsessions and compulsions; a need for routine and a dislike of change


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